Buying or selling real estate is a process that goes far beyond a simple financial transaction. Among the various documents and certifications required, such as the mortgage view, cadastral plan or theenergy performance certificate APE, the certificate of fitness stands out because of its crucial importance.
But what exactly does this document represent in the bureaucratic maze of real estate? In this article, we are going to find out in detail what the certificate of fitness is, why it is so important, and how it can be obtained.
What is the usability certificate of the property
The certificate of usability is a document that could be compared to the “birth certificate” of a property. It certifies that the building is in compliance with a number of legal and regulatory criteria ranging from energy conservation to structural safety, from room healthiness to plant compliance.
This certificate has a long and complex legislative history. First introduced in 1934, it has undergone several amendments, most recently in 2001 with Presidential Decree 380. This amendment integrated and replaced the concept of “habitability” with “fitness,” making the certificate even more comprehensive and detailed.
What is the purpose of the certificate of fitness?
The certificate of fitness is more than just a bureaucratic requirement. It is the key that opens the door to a number of opportunities and transactions for your property. Without this certificate, it would be impossible to sell, rent or even use the property for commercial purposes.
It is, in essence, a guarantee that the property is legal, safe and compliant with current regulations.
Who certifies the fitness of a property?
With legislative changes in 2013, the responsibility for issuing the certificate shifted from municipalities to professionals in the field. Now, an architect, surveyor or engineer has to draw up a Certified Certificate of Acceptability (CSA), which serves as a self-certification.
This document must then be submitted to the municipality within 15 days of the notice of completion, making the process more streamlined but also more empowering for the professionals involved.
When is it compulsory to have the building’s certificate of fitness?
The certificate of usability is mandatory in a wide range of situations. In addition to new construction, it is also required for reconstructions, elevations, and any type of work that changes the structural or functional condition of the property. This includes changes that may affect the healthiness, safety, hygiene, and energy conservation of the building.
What happens if you do not have a certificate of fitness of the property?
Lack of this certificate can have serious and costly consequences. Penalties for non-submission can range from 77 to 464 euros, but this is just the tip of the iceberg. Without a certificate of fitness, the property becomes practically unusable for any legal purpose, making transactions such as selling or renting impossible.
How is a certificate of fitness obtained?
Obtaining this certificate is not a process to be taken lightly. It requires a series of bureaucratic steps and the submission of a stack of documents.
In addition to the self-certification drawn up by the professional, it is necessary to submit the certificate of static inspection, a statement from the Director of Works certifying compliance with regulations on accessibility and overcoming architectural barriers, and the certificate of conformity of the electrical and plumbing systems.
How much does it cost to apply for the building’s certificate of fitness?
The cost of applying for the certificate can vary widely. In addition to professional costs for document drafting, there may be municipal taxes or administrative fees. However, considering the heavy penalties for non-submission and the legal implications of not having a certificate, it is an investment that every property owner should consider as non-negotiable.
Why the certificate of fitness is indispensable
In conclusion, never underestimate the importance of the certificate of fitness when it comes to buying, selling or renting a property. It is more than a piece of paper: it is a guarantee of safety, legality and compliance. Without this certificate, you will be exposed to a number of legal and financial risks.
For this reason, it is crucial to rely on experienced professionals in the field to navigate through the complex Italian bureaucracy. If you have any doubts or questions, do not hesitate to contact an expert: peace of mind is worth every penny spent. We at Ideas & Real Estate have been following the world of real estate for more than two decades and are ready to offer our experience and professionalism.
A comprehensive and up-to-date guide to buying or selling a home
If you are thinking of buying or selling a property, knowing all about the certificate of fitness is just the beginning.
For a more complete and detailed view on all aspects of buying and selling, check out our collection of useful articles. This collection offers all the basic information you will need to navigate the complex world of real estate transactions with awareness and success.
From how to choose the right real estate agency to how to get the best price for your property, you’ll find a wide range of resources to help you every step of the way.
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