In 2023, the Italian real estate market faced a unique set of challenges and opportunities, reflecting the dynamics of a rapidly changing economic and social environment. While the sector continues to be a key pillar of the Italian economy, recent reports indicate a changing landscape, characterized by new trends and patterns of behavior by both buyers and investors.

We take up the September article and take an in-depth look at the Italian real estate market in 2023, based on data and analysis provided by authoritative sources. Among them, recent reports published by Idealista, HousingAnywhere,, and Wall Street Italia offer a detailed view of current market conditions, highlighting crucial aspects such as the volume of purchases and sales, price trends, access to mortgages, and future prospects for the real estate market in 2024.

Overview of how the 2023 housing market fared and forecast for 2024

General Market Trends

The year 2023 marked a turning point for the Italian real estate market, characterized by a mix of continuity and change. According to a report by Idealista on notarial data from major Italian cities, there has been a significant drop in real estate purchases and sales, a phenomenon that has affected several regions and cities in the country. This slowdown can be attributed to a combination of factors, including global economic uncertainty and changes in mortgage interest rates.

In particular, major Italian cities have shown different trends. For example, cities such as Milan and Rome experienced a decrease in real estate transactions, but with slightly different market dynamics. While Milan has seen a more pronounced decline, likely influenced by high prices and market saturation, Rome has shown greater resilience, thanks to more diversified demand and a wider real estate supply. This information is discussed in detail in Idealista’s report, which provides an in-depth analysis of regional variations.

Another interesting aspect concerns price trends. According to statistics from the Internal Revenue Service, reported by, despite the decline in sales, housing prices in some areas have shown some stability or even a slight increase. This could be interpreted as a sign of confidence in the market in the long term, despite short-term challenges.

Factors that have influenced the housing market

The year 2023 saw several factors significantly influence the Italian real estate market, each of which helped shape the current industry landscape.

Rising interest rates

One of the most impactful factors has been therise in interest rates. This change, as pointed out by Wall Street Italy (here the full article on the difficulties in accessing mortgages), has made it more expensive for homebuyers to access mortgages. Rising rates have had a direct effect on the overall cost of mortgages, making it more difficult for many potential buyers to purchase a new property. This has inevitably led to a decline in demand in some segments of the market.

On mortgage trends in the final months of 2023 and how interest rates are affecting the housing market, we discussed in an article last November where we also delved into potential strategies for borrowers in the current challenging landscape. Read the article here.

Difficulties in accessing mortgages

The difficulty in accessing mortgages has been further exacerbated by banks’ stricter lending criteria. Against a backdrop of economic uncertainty, banks have adopted a more cautious approach to mortgage lending, as highlighted in HousingAnywhere’s report. This has made it more complex for buyers, particularly young and first-time buyers, to obtain the financing needed to purchase property.

Socio-economic impact of the Russia-Ukraine conflict

Another factor affecting the market was the socio-economic impact of the conflict between Russia and Ukraine. This situation has generated global uncertainty, affecting investment and economic confidence. Although the direct impact on the Italian real estate market may be less obvious, broader economic repercussions, such asrising energy prices and political uncertainties, have had an indirect effect on the sector.

The role of mortgages in the housing market

The role of mortgages in the Italian real estate market in 2023 was of paramount importance, influencing both the demand for and supply of properties. Access to credit is a central pillar for the real estate sector, and mortgage dynamics have had significant repercussions on the market.

Decline in funding

As reported by Wall Street Italia in the previous article mentioned above, 2023 saw a decline in the number of loans granted. This phenomenon was partly due to rising interest rates, which made mortgages more expensive and less affordable for many potential buyers. The decline in financing had a direct impact on the ability of buyers to enter the market, leading to a reduction in real estate transactions and affecting price dynamics.

Difficulties in accessing credit

Difficulty in accessing credit was another key challenge in 2023. According to the HousingAnywhere report, banks have adopted stricter criteria for mortgage approval in response to economic uncertainty and perceived risks. This has made it particularly difficult for young and first-time buyers to obtain a mortgage, limiting their ability to purchase properties and affecting the composition of the housing market.

Market impact

The overall impact of these factors on the housing market has been significant. On the one hand, declining financing and difficulties in accessing credit have limited demand, especially in the younger and less affluent segments of the population. On the other, they have created opportunities for investors and buyers with greater liquidity or access to alternative sources of financing. This dynamic helped shape the 2023 housing market, influencing both property prices and sales trends.

Future predictions and trends

Looking ahead, projections for the 2024 real estate market in Italy are based on a number of key factors that emerge from recent reports and analysis by industry experts. These projections help outline the possible directions the market may take in the coming years.

  • Price stability and resumption of transactions: despite the current challenges, some experts predict price stabilization and a possible resumption of transactions in the medium term. As indicated in the report, pent-up demand and the accumulation of savings during periods of uncertainty could lead to an increase in buying and selling once economic conditions improve and access to mortgages becomes easier(source).
  • Demographic and geographic trends: demographic and geographic trends will continue to influence the market. Cities such as Milan and Rome may see faster recovery due to their economic and cultural attractiveness. At the same time, interest in less densely populated areas, spurred by the pandemic and the increasing possibility of remote work, could maintain demand in these regions.
  • Technology and sustainability-Technology and sustainability are likely to be key factors in future trends. Buyers are increasingly interested in energy-efficient properties with smart technologies. This interest could spur innovations in the sector and influence purchase choices.
  • Impact of mortgages and economic policy: financing conditions and economic policies will continue to be crucial. Should interest rates stabilize or decline, this could facilitate access to mortgages and stimulate the market. On the other hand, restrictive economic policies could maintain a degree of caution among buyers and investors.

Implications for buyers and investors

Current and future trends in the Italian real estate market have several implications for buyers and investors, influencing buying and investment strategies in the sector. Here are some key considerations.

Buyers: access to mortgages and choice of properties

For buyers, access to mortgages remains a determining factor. With rising interest rates and tighter banking policies, as highlighted by HousingAnywhere, it is essential to carefully assess one’s ability to finance before proceeding with a purchase(source). In addition, the choice of property should consider not only the purchase price, but also energy efficiency and sustainability, factors that are increasingly relevant in today’s market.

Investors: opportunities in the rental market

For investors, the rental market offers attractive opportunities. Despite the slowdown in sales, demand for rentals remains strong in many areas, especially in large cities and tourist areas. Investing in rental properties can therefore be a viable strategy, especially considering the growing demand for flexible, short-term housing.

Long-term investment opportunities

Current trends suggest that long-term real estate investments could be particularly beneficial. With housing prices showing signs of stabilizing, as indicated by, investors could benefit from an increase in value over time, especially if they focus on growing areas or properties with attractive features(source).

Diversification and prudence

Finally, diversification remains a key strategy for investors. Considering a variety of properties and locations can help mitigate the risks associated with any market fluctuations. In addition, financial prudence, with a careful approach to debt and portfolio management, will be essential to successfully navigating the real estate market of the future.